git cheatsheet

git is good

#Getting Started

#Create a Repository

From scratch -- Create a new local repository

git init [project name]

Download from an existing repository

git clone my_url

#Make a change

Show modified files in working directory, staged for your next commit

git status

Stages the file, ready for commit

git add [file]

Stage all changed files, ready for commit

git add .

Commit all staged files to versioned history

git commit -m "commit message"

Commit all your tracked files to versioned history

git commit -am "commit message"

Unstages file, keeping the file changes

git reset [file]

Revert everything to the last commit

git reset --hard

Diff of what is changed but not staged

git diff

Diff of what is staged but not yet commited

git diff --staged

Apply any commits of current branch ahead of specified one

git rebase [branch]


Set the name that will be attached to your commits and tags

git config --global "name"

Set an email address that will be attached to your commits and tags

git config --global "email"

Enable some colorization of Git output

git config --global color.ui auto

Edit the global configuration file in a text editor

git config --global --edit

#Working with Branches

List all local branches

git branch

List all branches, local and remote

git branch -av

Switch to a branch, my_branch, and update working directory

git checkout my_branch

Create a new branch called new_branch

git branch new_branch

Delete the branch called my_branch

git branch -d my_branch

Merge branchA into branchB

git checkout branchB
git merge branchA

Tag the current commit

git tag my_tag

#Observe your Repository

Show the commit history for the currently active branch

git log

Show the commits on branchA that are not on branchB

git log branchB..branchA

Show the commits that changed file, even across renames

git log --follow [file]

Show the diff of what is in branchA that is not in branchB

git diff branchB...branchA

Show any object in Git in human-readable format

git show [SHA]


Fetch down all the branches from that Git remote

git fetch [alias]

Merge a remote branch into your current branch to bring it up to date

git merge [alias]/[branch]

Transmit local branch commits to the remote repository branch

git push [alias] [branch]

Fetch and merge any commits from the tracking remote branch

git pull

Merge just one specific commit from another branch to your current branch

git cherry-pick [commit_id]


Add a git URL as an alias

git remote add [alias] [url]

Show the names of the remote repositories you've set up

git remote

Show the names and URLs of the remote repositories

git remote -v

Remove a remote repository

git remote rm [remote repo name]

Change the URL of the git repo

git remote set-url origin [git_url]

#Temporary Commits

Save modified and staged changes

git stash

List stack-order of stashed file changes

git stash list

Write working from top of stash stack

git stash pop

Discard the changes from top of stash stack

git stash drop

#Tracking path Changes

Delete the file from project and stage the removal for commit

git rm [file]

Change an existing file path and stage the move

git mv [existing-path] [new-path]

Show all commit logs with indication of any paths that moved

git log --stat -M

#Ignoring Files



/# Ignore Mac system files

# Ignore node_modules folder

# Ignore SASS config files

A .gitignore file specifies intentionally untracked files that Git should ignore